Substantive or line editing

  • useful for near-final drafts
  • sentence and paragraph revisions
  • improves flow, clarity, and readability

What about those pieces that are logical and neatly structured, but that just don't feel quite finished? These pieces often lack coherence; with line editing, I can help increase your writing's coherence and polish to let its fundamental strength emerge. (I think of line editing as cutting, polishing, and setting a fine gemstone—I help make your work shine and sparkle.)

Line edits are sentence- and paragraph-level revisions that increase the reader's sense of cohesion, focus, and flow, improving the clarity and elegance of the piece. Line editing manuscripts with complex arguments—making them clear to readers outside of your subspecialty without reducing the complexity or nuance of your claims—is one of my greatest pleasures. This level of editing turns the piece from something that makes perfect sense to you to something that makes perfect sense to your reader.